Here you can search our series of working papers, dating back to 1983. These papers use data from our four cohort studies and cover a wide range of topics, from social inequalities and mobility, to physical health, education and cognitive development. Other papers in the series seek to improve the practice of longitudinal research.
This appendix accompanies the CLS working paper, Do primary school children’s career aspirations matter? The paper uses data from MCS to examine the role of young children’s career aspirations in the association between family poverty and children’s emotional (internalising) and behavioural (externalising) problems.
Key words: family socio-economic disadvantage, career aspirations, emotional and behavioural problems
This CLS working paper reports the results from a randomised experiment to improve the effectiveness of the between-wave mailing on the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).
Longitudinal survey managers send ‘keep in touch’ mailings to sample members between waves to help minimise non-response through failure to locate individuals at future waves.
Key words: longitudinal; tracking; non-response; attrition; survey methods; between-wave mailing; covering letters; advance letters
This CLS working paper uses data from the 1958 National Child Development Study (NCDS) to assess recall of early life circumstances. The report examines responses to questions about childhood experiences that were answered when cohort members were aged 50.
These questions re-collected information that was first collected contemporaneously. The paper will assess the accuracy with which individuals can recall these details some 40 years later by comparing the information reported at age 50 with the data captured at age 11.
This CLS working paper uses data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to document the impact of poverty, and in particular persistent poverty, has on children’s cognitive development in their early years.
Key words: child poverty, cognitive development
This CLS working paper quantifies the prevalence of multiple risks for families with very young children in the UK, and their prevalence by ethnic groups. It also examines the associations of multiple risks to deficits in developmental outcomes at three and five years of age using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).
Key words: Multiple risks, child development, Millennium Cohort Study, UK
This paper provides an overview of the design of a qualitative sub-study of members of the 1946 MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD), and members of the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS). Interviews were carried out in 2010 as part of the Healthy Ageing across the Life Course (HALCyon) collaborative research programme.
This descriptive methodological paper focuses on the content of the interview topic guide, the sampling strategy and on the characteristics of the sample that was achieved in comparison with the overall survey population.
This CLS working paper provides a detailed ethical review of the use of functional MRI and DNA analysis in birth cohort studies with reference to the 1958 National Child Development Study (NCDS) Age 45 biomedical sweep, conducted in 2002.
The age of mothers when they give birth to their first child is increasingly socially polarised in the UK. Early motherhood typically occurs among women from disadvantaged backgrounds, in contrast to women with later first births, who are more likely to come from advantaged backgrounds. This CLS working paper compares their children’s development, in terms of cognition and behaviour at age five, using the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS).
Jenny Neuberger, Heather Joshi and Shirley Dex use data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to explore the pay penalty to motherhood in Britain.
Key words: Millennium Cohort Study, part-time work, motherhood, child care.
This CLS working paper examines differences in how income is collected in a nationally representative birth cohort, the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). It looks at variations by questions asked and by respondent characteristics before then examining the implications different methods of collecting and reporting income may have for measuring poverty.
Key words: Income, survey data collection, poverty
Helen Knight, Matt Brown, Brian Dodgeon, Barbara Maughan, Martin Richards, Jane Elliott, Barbara Sahakian and Trevor Robbins explore theories within cognitive epidemiology which suggest that environmental and lifestyle factors may have a positive or negative effect on cognitive ability at different stages in life. A neurobiological explanation for this is known as the cognitive reserve hypothesis.
This hypothesis is explored through analysis of cognitive test results at age 50 on NCDS cohort members, using a lifecourse approach taking into account childhood predictors and health behaviours.
Keywords: NCDS, cognition, cognitive reserve, lifecourse, lifestyle, health behaviours.
Lisa Calderwood, Ian Plewis, Sosthenes Ketende and Rebecca Taylor evaluate the effectiveness of fieldwork strategies to covert refusals using evidence from a randomised experiment implemented on the UK Millennium Cohort Study. The authors show that intensive re-issuing is an effective way of increasing the proportion of refusals converted to a productive interview and hence increasing the sample size and reducing the refusal rate. It is also shown that refusal conversion may have led to a reduction in non-response bias in the survey estimates for several key variables.
Keywords: non-response: fieldwork intervention: cohort study: treatment effects: Millennium Cohort Study.