Briefings and impact

Our briefings and impact library includes summaries of our research findings as well as reports highlighting the impact of our cohort studies.

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Document type

Life Stage

Topics

National Child Development Study

Next Steps

1970 British Cohort Study

Millennium Cohort Study

Briefing papers

Long term associations of behavioural problems in early childhood

This briefing paper compares results across two generations of British children born 30 years apart – participants in the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) and in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) – to examine how health and behavioural problems in early childhood can cast a long shadow on a wide range of outcomes over the lifecourse.

Author: Sam Parsons, Vanessa Moulton, Alice Sullivan, Emla Fitzsimons and George Ploubidis
Date published: 7 October 2021
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Briefing papers

Carrying or using a weapon at age 17 – Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

This report shows the overall prevalence of weapon carrying and use at age 17 and its co-occurrence with other types of offences. Various prior factors are examined in terms of their association with carrying or using a weapon, including individual characteristics, socioeconomic background, family environment, mental health, school and peer factors, and prior behaviours and experiences.

Author: Aase Villadsen and Emla Fitzsimons
Date published: 30 June 2021
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Briefing papers

Obesity prevalence and its inequality from childhood to adolescence – Initial findings from the Millennium Cohort Study Age 17 Survey

This report focuses on excess weight at age 17 in the Millennium Cohort Study, presenting prevalence of obesity, overweight, normal weight and underweight. Examining also previous measures collected from the cohort since age 3, it highlights stark inequalities by family socioeconomic circumstances. It underlines the strong persistence of excess weight throughout childhood and adolescence, with one third of a whole generation either overweight or obese as they enter their prime adult years.

Author: Emla Fitzsimons and David Bann
Date published: 17 December 2020
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Briefing papers

Obesity prevalence and its inequality from childhood to adolescence – Appendix

This is the appendix to Obesity prevalence and its inequality from childhood to adolescence – Initial findings from the Millennium Cohort Study Age 17 Survey (above).

Author: Emla Fitzsimons and David Bann
Date published: 17 December 2020
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Briefing papers

Prevalence of COVID-19, symptoms and testing in the UK – Initial findings from COVID-19 survey

The prevalence of COVID-19 in the community following the onset of the UK epidemic is unknown, and there are likely to be many predisposing factors which affect exposure to, or severity of, the disease. Clarity on these issues will help to inform public health strategies directed at virus suppression or elimination, and/or risk stratification measures tailored for different members of society. Here, we provide self-reported cohort-specific estimates of COVID-19 prevalence, symptoms and testing, along with estimates stratified by a range of traits. These estimates benefit from weighting for non-response using information from past data collections.

Author: Dylan M. Williams, Gabriella Conti, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, George B. Ploubidis and Richard J. Silverwood
Date published: 8 December 2020
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Briefing papers

Mental ill health in the UK at age 17 – Prevalence of and inequalities in psychological distress, self-harm and attempted suicide

This report focuses on mental ill-health at age 17, using data collected from participants in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) in 2018-19. It presents prevalence of psychological distress, self-harm and attempted suicide. It describes important mental health inequalities across the following key socio-demographic characteristics: sex, ethnicity, sexuality and socioeconomic position. Combined with data collected from a subset of participants during the COVID-19 national lockdown in May 2020, when they were aged 19, the report also presents evidence on changes in psychological distress from ages 17 to 19.

Author: Praveetha Patalay and Emla Fitzsimons
Date published: 20 November 2020
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Briefing papers

Household composition, couples’ relationship quality, and social support during lockdown – initial findings from COVID-19 survey

This exploratory study provides descriptive evidence on household composition, couples’ relationship quality, and social support during the May 2020 national lockdown in the UK. Specifically, it examines changes in living arrangements, conflicts with people, and relationship satisfaction and conflict among couples. It also considers changes in social connections, emotional support, and practical help among participants.

Author: Afshin Zilanawala, Jenny Chanfreau Maria Sironi, and Maria Palma
Date published: 13 November 2020
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Briefing papers

In their own words: five generations of Britons describe their experiences of the coronavirus pandemic – initial findings from COVID-19 survey

Our survey’s open-ended question gave respondents the opportunity to describe their experience of the pandemic in their own words. We received just under 11,000 open text responses across the five generations of our study, and these responses provide an important complement to the more structured survey data by providing direct reports of study members’ lived experiences of the coronavirus outbreak; these responses can thus be seen as a ‘time capsule’ of those experiences.

Author: JD Carpentieri, Bozena Wielgoszewska, David Church and Alissa Goodman
Date published: 13 November 2020
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Briefing papers

Trust in government and others during the COVID-19 pandemic – initial findings from COVID-19 survey

This study focuses on trust in government, trust in others and compliance with the Government’s social distancing guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author: Sam Parsons and Richard D. Wiggins
Date published: 23 October 2020
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Briefing papers

Mental health during lockdown: evidence from four generations – initial findings from COVID-19 survey

This briefing paper reports on the mental health of four different generations of people in Britain in May 2020, amid the national lockdown.

Author: Morag Henderson, Emla Fitzsimons, George Ploubidis, Marcus Richards and Praveetha Patalay
Date published: 7 August 2020
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Podcasts

Podcast series: 50 Years of Life in Britain – Episode 6

Our last episode of the series examines how BCS70 and our study members have been faring during the pandemic and looks to the future of longitudinal research. We find out more about the COVID-19 survey, sent to over 50,000 participants in five of Britain’s cohort studies, including BCS70, and we speak to study participants about their experiences of lockdown. We also find out more about the benefits of launching a new cohort study in the coming years.


Date published: 30 July 2020
Briefing papers

Finances and employment during lockdown – initial findings from COVID-19 survey

This briefing, based on the COVID-19 Survey in Five National Longitudinal Studies, looks at the scale of the changes in employment and the unequal effects of the pandemic on household finances, as perceived by the four different generations who took part in the survey.

Author: Bozena Wielgoszewska, Francis Green and Alissa Goodman
Date published: 30 July 2020
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Centre for Longitudinal Studies
UCL Social Research Institute

20 Bedford Way
London WC1H 0AL

Email: clsfeedback@ucl.ac.uk